Research

Bibliography

The following bibliography is intended to be a resource for surf tourism researchers. Those of us that entered the field early know how difficult it was to source the few existing materials out there. No longer.

This bibliography was largely compiled by Dr Steve Martin of the Prince of Songla University, Thailand for his excellent review paper of surf tourism research between 1997 and 2011. Papers published in the field since 2011 have been added. Please let us know if you have a publication you’d like added or if we can help you access some of these works.

A

  • Abels, A. (2010). Surfing Towards Development in the Mentawai Islands. Interaction, 38(3), 20-28.
  • AEC Group Ltd. (2009). GCCC Surf industry review and economic contributions assessment: Gold Coast City Council. Gold Coast, New South Wales, Australia: Gold Coast City Council.
  • AECOM Australia Pty Ltd. (2010). Beach sand nourishment scoping study – maintaining Sydney’s beach amenity against climate change sea level rise. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Sydney Coastal Councils Group (SCCG) Inc.
  • Agrusa, J., Kim, S. & Wang, K. (2011). Mainland Chinese Tourists to Hawaii*-Their Characteristics and Preferences. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 28(3), 261-278. doi: 10.1080/10548408.2011.562853
  • Ahmed, F., Moodley, V., & Sookrajh, R. (2008). The environmental impacts of beach sport tourism events: A case study of the Mr. Price Pro Surfing, Durban, South Africa. Africa Insight38(3), 73–85.
  • Anderson, J. (2013). Surfing between the local and the global: identifying spatial divisions in surfing practice. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 39(2), 237-249. doi: 10.1111/tran.12018
  • Anderson, J. (2013). Cathedrals of the surf zone: regulating access to a space of spirituality. Social & Cultural Geography, 14:8, 954-972. doi:10.1080/14649365.2013.845903
  • Arup (2001). Assessment of the potential contribution of marinas and water sports to increasing prosperity in Cornwall. Cornwall Enterprise. Bristol, UK: Arup Group Limited.
  • Ardianto, E. (2009). Dimensions of community-based tourism: a case of surf community in Bali, Indonesia. Journal of Tourism Research, 5, 38-46.
  • Ardianto, E. (2013). Dimensions of Community-Based Tourism: A case of surf community in Bali, Indonesia. Proceedings from 3rd International Conference on Tourism and Hospitality Management, June 27th to 29th 2013, Athens, Greece, 29-35.
  • Assenov, I., & Martin, S.A. (2010). Surf tourism research 1997–2009: A systematic review and interdisciplinary perspective. Proceedings of the 16th Asia Pacific Tourism Association (APTA) Annual Conference: Competition and Collaboration between Regional Tourism Destinations (pp. 1017–1028). Macau S.A.R, China, July 13–16.
  • Attard, A., Brander, R. & Shaw, W (2015). Rescues conducted by surfers on Australian beaches. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 82, 70–78. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.017
  • Augustin, J.P. (1998). Emergence of surfing resorts on the Aquitaine littoral. Geographical Review, 88(4), 587–595.
  • Avci, N. & Barisik, S. (2015). The importance of windsurf schools in tourism: the case of Alaçati. Journal of Yasar University, 10 (37) 6381- 6477.

B

  • Ball, S. (2015). The Green Room: A surfing-conscious approach to coastal and marine management. UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 33, 366-404. Retrieved from http://escholarship.org/uc/item/89n7v120
  • Bandeira, M. (2014). Territorial disputes, identity conflicts, and violence in surfing. Motriz, 20(1), 16-25. doi:10.1590/S1980-65742014000100003
  • Barbieri, C. & Sotomayor, S. (2013) Surf travel behavior and destination preferences: An application of the Serious Leisure Inventory and Measure. Tourism Management 35 111-121
  • Bicudo, P., & Horta, A. (2009). Integrating surfing in the socio-economic and morphology and coastal dynamic impacts of the environmental evaluation of coastal projects. Journal of Coastal Research, 56, 1115–1119.
  • Barbieri, C., Henderson, K. & Santos, C. (2014). Exploring memorable surfing trips. Annals of Tourism Research [Research note], doi:10.1016/j.annals.2014.06.008
  • Beal, B. & Smith, M. (2010). Maverick’s: big-wave surfing and the dynamic of ‘nothing’ and ‘something’. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 13(7-8), 1102-1116. doi:10.1080/17430431003780047
  • Beattie, K. (2001). Sick, filthy, and delirious: surf film and video and the documentary mode. Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies, 15(3), 333-348.
  • Beaumont, E. & Brown, D.(2014). ‘It’s not something I’m proud of but it’s … just how I feel’: local surfer perspectives of localism, Leisure Studies, 33. doi: 10.1080/02614367.2014.962586
  • Beaumont, E. & Brown, D. (2014). Once a Local surfer, always a Local surfer’: Local surfing careers in a South West English village. Leisure Sciences, 37(1), 68-86. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2014.952462
  • Benedet, L., Pierro, T. & Henriquez, M. (2007). Impacts of coastal engineering projects on the surfability of sandy beaches. Shore & Beach, 75(4), 2-9.
  • Bicudo, P. & Horta, A. (2009). Integrating Surfing in the Socio-economic and Morphology and Coastal Dynamic Impacts of the Environmental Evaluation of Coastal Projects. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 56 (Proceedings of the 10th International Coastal Symposium), 1115 – 1119. Lisbon, Portugal, ISSN 0749-0258.
  • Black, K. & Mead, S. (2009). Design of Surfing Reefs. Reef Journal, 1(1), 177-190.
  • Blackwell, B. (2007). The value of a recreational beach visit: an application to Mooloolaba Beach and comparisons with other outdoor recreation sites. Economic Analysis & Policy, 37 (1), 77-98.
  • Blackwell, B. and Tisdell, C. (2010). The Marginal Values of Lifesavers and Lifeguards to Beach Users in Australia and the United States. Economic Analysis & Policy, 40 (2), 209-227.
  • Booth, D. (1995). Ambiguities in Pleasure and Discipline: The Development of Competitive Surfing. Journal of Sport History, 22 (3), 189-206.
  • Booth, D. (1996). Surfing Films and Videos-Adolescent Fun, Alternative Lifestyle, Adventure Industry. Journal of Sport History, 23 (3), 313-327.
  • Booth, D. (2000). Surf lifesaving: the development of an Australasian ‘sport’. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 17(2-3), 166-187.
  • Booth, D. (2001). From Bikinis to Boardshorts: Wahines and the Paradoxes of Surfing Culture. Journal of Sport History, 28(1), 3-22.
  • Booth, D. (2013). History, Culture, Surfing: Exploring Historiographical Relationships. Journal of Sport History, 40 (1), 3-20. Retrieved from https://muse.jhu.edu/article/514043
  • Bourgette, A. (2016). Paving Paradise: The Royal Hawaiian and the Rise of Waikiki Tourism, 1901-1929.The Forum: Journal of History, 8 (1), 103-120. doi: 10.15368/forum.2016v8n1.8
  • Brander, R. (2013). Thinking Space: Can a synthesis of geography save lives in the surf? Australian Geographer, 44(2), 123-127. doi:10.1080/00049182.2013.799053
  • Brewin RJW, de Mora L, Jackson T, Brewin TG, Shutler J (2015) On the Potential of Surfers to Monitor Environmental Indicators in the Coastal Zone. PLoS ONE, 10(7). doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0127706
  • Buckley, R.C. (1999). Recreational capacity for surf tourism in Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands. The 1999 International Symposium Society and Resource Management (p. 27). Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland Printery.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2000). Recreational capacity for surf tourism in Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands. In G. Haas & M. Manfredo (Eds.), Recreational Carrying Capacity. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: Colorado State University.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2002a). Surf tourism and sustainable development in Indo-Pacific islands: I. The industry and the islands. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(5), 405–424.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2002b). Surf tourism and sustainable development in Indo-Pacific islands: II. Recreational capacity management and case study. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(5), 425–442.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2003). Adventure tourism and the clothing, fashion and entertainment industries. Journal of Ecotourism, 2(2), 126–134.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2006). Adventure tourism. Oxford: CAB International. pp. 193–250.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2007). Adventure tourism products: Price, duration, size, skill, remoteness. Tourism Management, 28, 1428–1433.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2010). Adventure Tourism Management. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 179–199.
  • Buckley,R.C. (2012). Rush as a key motivation in skilled adventure tourism: Resolving the risk recreation paradox. Tourism Management, 33 (4). doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2011.10.002
  • Burgh-Woodman, H. & Brace-Govan, J. (2007). What’s in a name? A comparative analysis of surf and snow brand personalities. Tourismos: an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism, 2 (1), 11-29. Retrieved from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/25385/
  • Butt, T. (2010). The WAR report: Waves are resources. Cornwall, UK: Surfers Against Sewage.
  • Butt, T. (2011). Sustainable guide to surfing [report]. Cornwall, UK: Surfers Against Sewage.

C

  • Calais Consultants & Dhatom Tourism Consultants. (2007). Surf tourism scoping study. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Tourism New South Wales.
  • Canniford, R. (2005). Moving shadows: suggestions for ethnography in globalised cultures. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 8(2), 204–218.
  • Carlsen, J. (2003). Riding the wave of event sponsorship: Sponsorship objectives and awareness at the Margaret River masters surfing event. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 219–232.
  • Chalita, M. (2008). The speech of the surfer: a study in the social imaginary. Fiep Bulletin, 78, Special Edition, 5-8.
  • Challinor & Weight (2005). “Offshore Development – New Frontiers of Opportunity” – CoastNet Conference, 15 Sep 2005, London, UK. Retrieved from http://library.coastweb.info/807/1/Microsoft_Word_-_ _paper.pdf
  • Chapman, D.J., & Hanemann, W.M. (2001). Environmental damages in court: The American Trader case. In A. Heyes (Ed.), The Law and Economics of the Environment. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. pp. 319–367.
  • Cheng, T. & Tsaur, S. (2012).The relationship between serious leisure characteristics and recreation involvement: a case study of Taiwan’s surfing activities, Leisure Studies, 31(1), 53-68. doi:10.1080/02614367.2011.568066
  • Cheng, T. & Tsaur, S. (2012).The relationship between serious leisure characteristics and recreation involvement: a case study of Taiwan’s surfing activities, Leisure Studies, 31(1), 53-68. doi:10.1080/02614367.2011.568066
  • Cochetel, F. (2007). An investigation into the residual effects of a change in sponsorship of a sports event on consumer perceptions of, and attitudes towards the original sponsor and the event itself (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.
  • Coffman, M., & Burnett, K. (2009). The value of a wave: An analysis of the Mavericks region, Half Moon Bay, California. Davenport, California, USA: Save the Waves Coalition.
  • Comley, C. (2011).Fall in Line: How Surfers’ Perceptions of Localism, Territoriality and Waves as Limited Resources Influence Surf-related Aggression. McNair Scholars Research Journal, 15, 15-29.
  • Comley, C. (2016). “We have to establish our territory”: how women surfers ‘carve out’ gendered spaces within surfing. Sport in Society. doi:10.1080/17430437.2015.1133603
  • Courtney, C.A. (2007). Recreational carrying capacity evaluation of Honolua Bay. Lahina, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Maui Land & Pineapple Company, Inc.
  • Corne, N. (2009). The implications of coastal protection and development on surfing. Journal of Coastal Research, 25(2), 427–434. doi:10.2112/07-0932.1
  • Costa, M. (2007). The redefinition of public space by young sports persons – the social nature of the imaginary world of street skateboarding and le parkour. FIEP Bulletin, 77 ,Special Edition, 329-332.

D

  • Dario, L., Morrow, W., Wooditch, A. & Vickovic, S. (2015). The point break effect: an examination of surf, crime, and transitory opportunities. Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society, 28(3), 257–279. doi: 10.1080/1478601X.2015.1032409
  • Daskalos, C. (2007). Locals only! The impact of modernity on a local surfing context. Sociological Perspectives, 50 (1), 155–173.doi: 10.1525/sop.2007.50.1.155
  • David Anning, Dan Ware, Michael Raybould, and Neil Lazarow. (2013) “Valuing beach and surf tourism and recreation in Australian sea change communities” 4th Queensland Coastal Conference. Townsville, Queensland.Oct. 2013.
  • De Alessi, M. (2009). The customs and culture of surfing, and an opportunity for a new territorialism? Reef Journal, 1(1), 85–92.
  • Deats, J., Martinez,M.; Shearer,R. & Shearer, W. (2016). The tragedy of the waves. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 6 (1), 97-105. doi: 10.1108/SBM-07-2013-0026
  • Desmond, J. (1999). Staging tourism: bodies on display from Waikiki to Sea World. Chicago, Illinois, USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • Dhatom Tourism Consultants. (2007). Surf product & destination inventory report. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Tourism New South Wales.
  • Diehm, R. & Armatas, C. (2004). Surfing: an avenue for socially acceptable risk-taking, satisfying needs for sensation seeking and experience seeking. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 663–677. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00124-7
  • Dionisio,P., Leal, C. & Moutinho,L. (2008). A Phenomenological Research Study on Sports Fandom in Portugal: A Comparative Study of Surfing and Football. Journal of Euromarketing, 17 (3-4), 233-253. doi:10.1080/10496480802640353
  • Doering, A. (2017). Mobilising Stoke: A Genealogy of Surf Tourism Development in Miyazaki, Japan. Tourism Planning & Development. doi:10.1080/21568316.2017.1313772
  • Dolnicar, S & Fluker, M (2003). Behavioural market segments among surf tourists: investigating past destination choice. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 8(3), 186-196. doi:10.1080/14775080310001690503
  • Dolnicar, S. (2005). Improved understanding of tourists’ needs: Cross-classification for validation of data-driven segments. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism5(3), 141–156.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2003a). Behavioural market segments among surf tourists: Investigating past destination choice. Journal of Sport Tourism, 8(3), 186–196.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2003b). Who’s riding the wave?: An investigation into demographic and psychographic characteristics of surf tourists. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 313–327.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2004). The symptomatic nature of past destination choice among surf tourists. In: C. Cooper, (Ed.), CAUTHE 2004: Creating Tourism Knowledge. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Common Ground Publishing. pp. 190–194.
  • Dupre, K. & Bosman, C. (2017).  Development Versus Coastal Protection: The Gold Coast Case Study (Australia). Études caribéennes [online], 36. doi: 10.4000/etudescaribeennes.10496

E

  • Earthcheck Pty Ltd. (2010). Destination management plan for tourism: 2010 to 2013. Kariong, New South Wales, Australia: Central Coast Tourism, Inc.
  • Eberline, J. (2011). The scarcity and vulnerability of surfing resources: An analysis of the value of surfing from a social economic perspective in Matosinhos, Portugal (Unpublished Master’s thesis). University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.
  • Edwards, A. & Stephenson, W. (2013). Assessing the Potential for Surf Break Co-Management: Evidence from New Zealand. Coastal Management, 41(6), 537-560. doi:10.1080/08920753.2013.842681
  • Evers, C. (2004). Men who surf. Cultural Studies Review,,10(4), 27-41. doi:10.5130/csr.v10i1.3519
  • Evers, C. (2006). How to surf. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. 30 (3), 229-243.doi:10.1177/0193723506290394
  • Evers, C. (2006). Locals Only! Proceedings of the Everyday Multiculturalism Conference of the Centre for Research on Social Inclusion, Macquarie University, 28-29 Sept. 2006, Sidney, Australia.
  • Evers, C. (2009). ‘The Point’: surfing, geography and a sensual life of men and masculinity on the Gold Coast, Australia. Social & Cultural Geography, 10(8), 893-908. doi: 10.1080/14649360903305783

F

  • Farmer, R. J. (1992). Surfing: motivations, values and culture. Journal of Sport Behavior, 15(3), 241-257
  • Farmer, B., & Short, A.D. (2007). Australian national surfing reserves rationale and process for recognising iconic surfing locations. Journal of Coastal Research, 50, 99–103.
  • Farmer, B., & Short, A.D. (2009). Australian National Surfing Reserves: rationale and process for recognizing iconic surfing locations. The 5th Western Australia State Coastal Conference: Whose Coast is it? Adapting for the future. Fremantle, Western Australia, October 8.
  • Fendt, L.S. (2011). Riding a Wave of Constraint: Women and Surf Tourism. In M.J. Gross (Ed.), CAUTHE 2011: Tourism  Creating a Brilliant Blend. Adelaide, South Australia, Australia: University of South Australia. pp. 1058–1063.
  • Fendt, L; Wilson, E;Jenkins, J; Dimmock, K and Weeks,P (2014) Presenting phenomenology: faithfully recreating the lived experiences of Surfer Girls. Annals of Leisure Research, 17(4), 398-416. doi:10.1080/11745398.2014.938668
  • Fendt, L. & Wilson, E (2012). ‘I just push through the barriers because I live for surfing’- how women negotiate their constraints to surf tourism. Annals of Leisure Research, 15(1), 4-18. doi:10.1080/11745398.2012.670960
  • Finney, B (1959). Surfing in ancient Hawaii. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 68 (4), 327-347
  • Finney, Ben R. (1960). The development and diffusion of modern Hawaiian surfing. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 69 (4), 314-331.
  • FFLA (Fitzgerald Frisby Landscape Architecture). (2010). Bells Beach Surfing Reserve coastal management plan, draft2010. Victoria, Australia: Surf Coast Shire.
  • Fisher, K. (2013) Waves of Resistance: Surfing and History in Twentieth-Century Hawai’i. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 30(2), 185-187. doi:10.1080/09523367.2012.751233
  • Fiske, J. (1983). Surfalism and Sandiotics: The Beach in Oz Culture. The Australian Journal of Cultural Studies. 1 (2), 120-148
  • Fitzgerald, B. & Clarke, G. (2001). Law of the Surf Forum Number 1. Southern Cross University Law Review, 5, 228-261. Retrieved from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/
  • Fitzgerald, B. & Clarke, G. (2002). Law of the Surf Forum Number 2. Southern Cross University Law Review, 6, 318-352.
  • Fitzgerald, B. & Harrison, J. (2003). Law of the Surf. Australian Law Journal, 77. 109-116.
  • Fletcher, S., Bateman, P., & Emery, A. (2011). The governance of the Boscombe artificial surf reef, UK. Land Use Policy, 28, 395–401.
  • Fluker, M. (2003). Riding the wave: Defining surf tourism. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 398–406.
  • Fluker, M., & Hageman, B.O. (2006). Investigating sustainable surf tourism in Lombok. Proceedings of the Fifth Asia Pacific Forum for Graduate Research in Tourism — Threats and Challenges to the Tourism Industry: Reform and Perform (pp. 375–386), Siam City Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand, September 20–22.
  • Ford, N., & Brown, D. (2006). Surfing and social theory: Experience, embodiment and narrative of the dream glide. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge.
  • Frank, F., Pintassilgo, P. & Pinto, P. (2015). Environmental awareness of surf tourists: a case study in the Algarve. Journal of Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, 3 (2), 102-113.
  • Frood, M. (2007). Turning the tide: An investigation into the potential costs and benefits of surf tourism and a discussion of surf tourism as a possible contributing form of sustainable development for Indonesia (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Fuchs, O. & Schomer, H. (2007). Beyond sport: a thematic analysis of surfing. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 29 (2), 11-26. doi: 10.4314/sajrs.v29i2.25964
  • Furley, P. & Dorr, J. (2016). “Eddie would(n’t) go!” perceptual-cognitive expertise in surfing. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22, 66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.06.008

G

  • Getz, D., & Fairley, S. (2004). Media management at sport events for destination promotion: Case studies and concepts. Event Management, 8, 127–139.
  • Getz, D., O’Neill, M., & Carlsen, J. (2001). Service quality evaluation at events through service mapping. Journal of Travel Research, 39(4), 380–390.
  • Gibson, C. & Warren, A. (2014). Making Surfboards: Emergence of a Trans-Pacific Cultural Industry, The Journal of Pacific History, 49:1, 1-25, DOI: 10.1080/00223344.2013.858439
  • González-Ramallal, M.E., Marrero-Rodríguez, J.R., & Santana-Turégano, M.Á. (2010). Sport and tourism: A potentially conflictual relationship. The case of Marinas in Tenerife. Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural, 8(2), 265–276.
  • Gombault, A.; Falaix,L.; Hatt, E. & Piriou, J. (2015). Creative Resources for Attractive Seaside Resorts: The French Turn. Journal of Investment and Management, 4, (1-1), 78-86. doi:10.11648/j.jim.s.2015040101.20
  • Gough, V.J. (1999). Assessing the economic effects of recreation facility development: Proposed artificial surfing reef, Mount Maunganui, New Zealand (Unpublished Honours thesis). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
  • Green, D.R. (2008). Study Area 10, North Cornwall Beaches (South West England, UK). In M.A. Carlisle, D.R. Green & W. Ritchie (Eds.), Corepoint expert couplets & case studies: Descriptions of physical, ecological and socio-economic context and of area-specific Corepoint activities (pp.73–78). Aberdeen, Scotland, UK: University of Aberdeen and Corepoint.
  • Guibert , C. & Taunay, B. (2013) From Political Pressure to Cultural Constraints: The Prime Dissemination of Surfing in Hainan. Journal of China Tourism Research, 9(3), 365-380. doi:10.1080/19388160.2013.812903

H

  • Hageman, B.O. (2004). Western surf tourism in the traditional fishing village of Taghazout, A sustainable development? (Unpublished Bachelor research thesis). NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Breda, The Netherlands.
  • Hageman, B.O. (2006). Surf tourism in Lombok: A pro-poor investigation (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  • Hallmann, K; Feiler, S, & Breuer, C. (2012). Sport motivation as driver for segmenting sport tourists in coastal regions. Tourism Review, 67 (2 ), 4-12. doi:10.1108/16605371211236097
  • Halsall, M. (1997). The impacts of major sporting events on host communities and guidelines for event strategy preparation: Case study of the Margaret River Masters Professional Surfing Event. (Planning Report 592). (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Henderson, M.(2001). A Shifting Line Up: Men, women, and Tracks surfing magazine. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies,15(3), 319-332.
  • Hill, L. & Abbott, J. (2009): Representation, Identity, and Environmental Action among Florida Surfers. Soutesatern Geographer, 49(2), 157-170.
  • Hill, L., & Abbott, A. (2009). Surfacing Tension: Toward a Political Ecological Critique of Surfing Representations. Geography Compass, 3(1), 275–296.
  • Hodgetts, D. & Duncan, M. (2015). Quantitative analysis of sport development event legacy: an examination of the Australian Surf Life Saving Championships. European Sport Management Quarterly, 15 (3), 364-380. doi: 10.1080/16184742.2015.1021824Hospitality Advisors. (2008). Economic impact analysis of the potential erosion of Waikiki Beach. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Waikiki Improvement Association.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E. (2009). The sustainability of surfing tourism at remote destinations (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England, UK.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Findlay, M., Glegg, G., & Richards, J. (2004). An investigation into the nature of surfing tourism and its potential environmental impacts on relatively pristine environments: Gnaraloo, Western Australia, a case study. Proceedings of the Coast to Coast ’04: Australia’s National Coastal Conference (pp. 1–9), Hotel Grand Chancellor, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, April 19–23.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Findlay, M., Glegg, G., & Richards, J. (2005). An investigation into the nature of surfing tourism and its potential environmental impacts on relatively pristine environments: Gnaraloo, Western Australia, a case study. Proceedings of 3rd Western Australian State Coastal Conference (pp. 1–9), Mandurah-Bunbury-Busselton, Western Australia, Australia, Nov. 16–18.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Glegg, G., Findlay, M., Carroll, N., & Hatton, E. (2003). Factors affecting the choices of surf tourists. Proceedings of the 3rd International Surfing Reef Symposium (p. 258), Raglan, New Zealand, June 22–25.
  • Hritz, N., & Franzidis, A. F. (2016). Exploring the economic significance of the surf tourism market by experience level. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, in press.doi: 10.1016/j.jdmm.2016.09.009i

I

  • Iatarola, B.M. (2011). Beyond the waves: Economic and cultural effects of the global surf industry in El Tunco, El Salvador (Unpublished Master’s thesis). University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
  • Irwin, J. (1973). Surfing: The Natural History of an Urban Scene. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 2(2) 131-160. doi:10.1177/089124167300200201
  • Ingersoll, K.E. (2009). Seascape epistemology: Decolonization within Hawaii’s neocolonial surf tourism industry (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). University of Hawaii, Manoa, Hawaii, USA.
  • Ishiwata, E. (2002). Local motions: Surfing and the politics of wave sliding. Cultural Values6(3), 257-272.

J

  • Jaggard, E. (1997). Chameleons in the surf. Journal of Australian Studies, 21(53), 183-191. doi:10.1080/14443059709387327
  • Johnson,J & Orbach, M (1986). The role of cultural context in the development of low capital ocean leisure activities. Leisure Sciences, 8(3), 319-339.
  • Jopp, R., DeLacy, T., Mair, J.& Fluker, M. (2013). Using a Regional Tourism Adaptation Framework to Determine Climate Change Adaptation Options for Victoria’s Surf Coast. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 18(1-2), 144-164.
  • Jordan, A., Ward, N. & Buller, H. (1998). Surf, sea, sand…and sewage: implementing European bathing water policy in the United Kingdom and France. Environment and Planning, 30, 1389-1408

K

  • Kaffine, D. (2009). Quality and the Commons: The Surf Gangs of California. Journal of Law and Economics, 2009, 52 (4), 727-743.
  • Kaniuk, R. (1981). Kent Pearson, “Surfing Subcultures of Australia and New Zealand”, International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 16, 113-114. doi:10.1177/101269028101600111
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