Research

Bibliography

The following bibliography is intended to be a resource for surf tourism researchers. Those of us that entered the field early know how difficult it was to source the few existing materials out there. No longer.

This bibliography was largely compiled by Dr Steve Martin of the Prince of Songla University, Thailand for his excellent review paper of surf tourism research between 1997 and 2011. Papers published in the field since 2011 have been added. Please let us know if you have a publication you’d like added or if we can help you access some of these works.

  • AEC Group Ltd. (2009). GCCC Surf industry review and economic contributions assessment: Gold Coast City Council. Gold Coast, New South Wales, Australia: Gold Coast City Council.
  • AECOM Australia Pty Ltd. (2010). Beach sand nourishment scoping study – maintaining Sydney’s beach amenity against climate change sea level rise. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Sydney Coastal Councils Group (SCCG) Inc.
  • Ahmed, F., Moodley, V., & Sookrajh, R. (2008). The environmental impacts of beach sport tourism events: A case study of the Mr. Price Pro Surfing, Durban, South Africa. Africa Insight38(3), 73–85.
  • Arup (2001). Assessment of the potential contribution of marinas and water sports to increasing prosperity in Cornwall. Cornwall Enterprise. Bristol, UK: Arup Group Limited.
  • Assenov, I., & Martin, S.A. (2010). Surf tourism research 1997–2009: A systematic review and interdisciplinary perspective. Proceedings of the 16th Asia Pacific Tourism Association (APTA) Annual Conference: Competition and Collaboration between Regional Tourism Destinations (pp. 1017–1028). Macau S.A.R, China, July 13–16.
  • Augustin, J.P. (1998). Emergence of surfing resorts on the Aquitaine littoral. Geographical Review, 88(4), 587–595.
  • Barbieri, C. & Sotomayor, S. (2013) Surf travel behavior and destination preferences: An application of the Serious Leisure Inventory and Measure. Tourism Management 35 111-121
  • Bicudo, P., & Horta, A. (2009). Integrating surfing in the socio-economic and morphology and coastal dynamic impacts of the environmental evaluation of coastal projects. Journal of Coastal Research, 56, 1115–1119.
  • Buckley, R.C. (1999). Recreational capacity for surf tourism in Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands. The 1999 International Symposium Society and Resource Management (p. 27). Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland Printery.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2000). Recreational capacity for surf tourism in Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands. In G. Haas & M. Manfredo (Eds.), Recreational Carrying Capacity. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: Colorado State University.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2002a). Surf tourism and sustainable development in Indo-Pacific islands: I. The industry and the islands. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(5), 405–424.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2002b). Surf tourism and sustainable development in Indo-Pacific islands: II. Recreational capacity management and case study. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(5), 425–442.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2003). Adventure tourism and the clothing, fashion and entertainment industries. Journal of Ecotourism, 2(2), 126–134.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2006). Adventure tourism. Oxford: CAB International. pp. 193–250.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2007). Adventure tourism products: Price, duration, size, skill, remoteness. Tourism Management, 28, 1428–1433.
  • Buckley, R.C. (2010). Adventure Tourism Management. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 179–199.
  • Butt, T. (2010). The WAR report: Waves are resources. Cornwall, UK: Surfers Against Sewage.
  • Butt, T. (2011). Sustainable guide to surfing [report]. Cornwall, UK: Surfers Against Sewage.
  • Calais Consultants & Dhatom Tourism Consultants. (2007). Surf tourism scoping study. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Tourism New South Wales.
  • Canniford, R. (2005). Moving shadows: suggestions for ethnography in globalised cultures. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 8(2), 204–218.
  • Carlsen, J. (2003). Riding the wave of event sponsorship: Sponsorship objectives and awareness at the Margaret River masters surfing event. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 219–232.
  • Chapman, D.J., & Hanemann, W.M. (2001). Environmental damages in court: The American Trader case. In A. Heyes (Ed.), The Law and Economics of the Environment. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. pp. 319–367.
  • Cochetel, F. (2007). An investigation into the residual effects of a change in sponsorship of a sports event on consumer perceptions of, and attitudes towards the original sponsor and the event itself (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.
  • Coffman, M., & Burnett, K. (2009). The value of a wave: An analysis of the Mavericks region, Half Moon Bay, California. Davenport, California, USA: Save the Waves Coalition.
  • Courtney, C.A. (2007). Recreational carrying capacity evaluation of Honolua Bay. Lahina, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Maui Land & Pineapple Company, Inc.
  • De Alessi, M. (2009). The customs and culture of surfing, and an opportunity for a new territorialism? Reef Journal, 1(1), 85–92.
  • Desmond, J. (1999). Staging tourism: bodies on display from Waikiki to Sea World. Chicago, Illinois, USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • Dhatom Tourism Consultants. (2007). Surf product & destination inventory report. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Tourism New South Wales.
  • Dolnicar, S. (2005). Improved understanding of tourists’ needs: Cross-classification for validation of data-driven segments. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism5(3), 141–156.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2003a). Behavioural market segments among surf tourists: Investigating past destination choice. Journal of Sport Tourism, 8(3), 186–196.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2003b). Who’s riding the wave?: An investigation into demographic and psychographic characteristics of surf tourists. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 313–327.
  • Dolnicar, S., & Fluker, M. (2004). The symptomatic nature of past destination choice among surf tourists. In: C. Cooper, (Ed.), CAUTHE 2004: Creating Tourism Knowledge. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Common Ground Publishing. pp. 190–194.
  • Earthcheck Pty Ltd. (2010). Destination management plan for tourism: 2010 to 2013. Kariong, New South Wales, Australia: Central Coast Tourism, Inc.
  • Eberline, J. (2011). The scarcity and vulnerability of surfing resources: An analysis of the value of surfing from a social economic perspective in Matosinhos, Portugal (Unpublished Master’s thesis). University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.
  • Farmer, B., & Short, A.D. (2007). Australian national surfing reserves rationale and process for recognising iconic surfing locations. Journal of Coastal Research, 50, 99–103.
  • Farmer, B., & Short, A.D. (2009). Australian National Surfing Reserves: rationale and process for recognizing iconic surfing locations. The 5th Western Australia State Coastal Conference: Whose Coast is it? Adapting for the future. Fremantle, Western Australia, October 8.
  • Fendt, L.S. (2011). Riding a Wave of Constraint: Women and Surf Tourism. In M.J. Gross (Ed.), CAUTHE 2011: Tourism  Creating a Brilliant Blend. Adelaide, South Australia, Australia: University of South Australia. pp. 1058–1063.
  • FFLA (Fitzgerald Frisby Landscape Architecture). (2010). Bells Beach Surfing Reserve coastal management plan, draft2010. Victoria, Australia: Surf Coast Shire.
  • Fletcher, S., Bateman, P., & Emery, A. (2011). The governance of the Boscombe artificial surf reef, UK. Land Use Policy, 28, 395–401.
  • Fluker, M. (2003). Riding the wave: Defining surf tourism. In R.L. Braithwaite & R.W. Braithwaite (Eds.), CAUTHE 2003: Riding the Wave of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Lismore, New South Wales, Australia: Southern Cross University. pp. 398–406.
  • Fluker, M., & Hageman, B.O. (2006). Investigating sustainable surf tourism in Lombok. Proceedings of the Fifth Asia Pacific Forum for Graduate Research in Tourism — Threats and Challenges to the Tourism Industry: Reform and Perform (pp. 375–386), Siam City Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand, September 20–22.
  • Ford, N., & Brown, D. (2006). Surfing and social theory: Experience, embodiment and narrative of the dream glide. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge.
  • Frood, M. (2007). Turning the tide: An investigation into the potential costs and benefits of surf tourism and a discussion of surf tourism as a possible contributing form of sustainable development for Indonesia (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Getz, D., & Fairley, S. (2004). Media management at sport events for destination promotion: Case studies and concepts. Event Management, 8, 127–139.
  • Getz, D., O’Neill, M., & Carlsen, J. (2001). Service quality evaluation at events through service mapping. Journal of Travel Research, 39(4), 380–390.
  • González-Ramallal, M.E., Marrero-Rodríguez, J.R., & Santana-Turégano, M.Á. (2010). Sport and tourism: A potentially conflictual relationship. The case of Marinas in Tenerife. Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural, 8(2), 265–276.
  • Gough, V.J. (1999). Assessing the economic effects of recreation facility development: Proposed artificial surfing reef, Mount Maunganui, New Zealand (Unpublished Honours thesis). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
  • Green, D.R. (2008). Study Area 10, North Cornwall Beaches (South West England, UK). In M.A. Carlisle, D.R. Green & W. Ritchie (Eds.), Corepoint expert couplets & case studies: Descriptions of physical, ecological and socio-economic context and of area-specific Corepoint activities (pp.73–78). Aberdeen, Scotland, UK: University of Aberdeen and Corepoint.
  • Hageman, B.O. (2004). Western surf tourism in the traditional fishing village of Taghazout, A sustainable development? (Unpublished Bachelor research thesis). NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Breda, The Netherlands.
  • Hageman, B.O. (2006). Surf tourism in Lombok: A pro-poor investigation (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  • Halsall, M. (1997). The impacts of major sporting events on host communities and guidelines for event strategy preparation: Case study of the Margaret River Masters Professional Surfing Event. (Planning Report 592). (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Hill, L., & Abbott, A. (2009). Surfacing Tension: Toward a Political Ecological Critique of Surfing Representations. Geography Compass, 3(1), 275–296.
  • Hospitality Advisors. (2008). Economic impact analysis of the potential erosion of Waikiki Beach. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Waikiki Improvement Association.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E. (2009). The sustainability of surfing tourism at remote destinations (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England, UK.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Findlay, M., Glegg, G., & Richards, J. (2004). An investigation into the nature of surfing tourism and its potential environmental impacts on relatively pristine environments: Gnaraloo, Western Australia, a case study. Proceedings of the Coast to Coast ’04: Australia’s National Coastal Conference (pp. 1–9), Hotel Grand Chancellor, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, April 19–23.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Findlay, M., Glegg, G., & Richards, J. (2005). An investigation into the nature of surfing tourism and its potential environmental impacts on relatively pristine environments: Gnaraloo, Western Australia, a case study. Proceedings of 3rd Western Australian State Coastal Conference (pp. 1–9), Mandurah-Bunbury-Busselton, Western Australia, Australia, Nov. 16–18.
  • Hugues-Dit-Ciles, E., Glegg, G., Findlay, M., Carroll, N., & Hatton, E. (2003). Factors affecting the choices of surf tourists. Proceedings of the 3rd International Surfing Reef Symposium (p. 258), Raglan, New Zealand, June 22–25.
  • Iatarola, B.M. (2011). Beyond the waves: Economic and cultural effects of the global surf industry in El Tunco, El Salvador (Unpublished Master’s thesis). University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.
  • Ingersoll, K.E. (2009). Seascape epistemology: Decolonization within Hawaii’s neocolonial surf tourism industry (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). University of Hawaii, Manoa, Hawaii, USA.
  • Ishiwata, E. (2002). Local motions: Surfing and the politics of wave sliding. Cultural Values6(3), 257-272.
  • Kelly, B.H. (2008). Economic assessment of surfing and saltwater fishing values in Brevard County, Florida (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida, USA.
  • Krause, S. (2007). Surf tourism in Costa Rica: Anthropological perspectives (Unpublished Master’s thesis). San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Lang Research Inc. (2007). Tourism Activities & Motivation Survey (TAMS) 2006 – U.S. travel market: Sailing and surfing while on of one or more nights. Profile report. Canada: Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Ontario Tourism Marketing Partnership Corporation, Quebec Ministry of Tourism, Travel Manitoba, Canadian Tourism Commission, Tourism Saskatchewan, Atlantic Canada Tourism Partnership, Alberta Tourism, Parks, Recreation and Culture, Department of Canadian Heritage, Tourism British Columbia, Parks Canada Agency, Government of Yukon, Government of Northwest Territories.
  • Lazarow, N. (2006). The value of coastal recreational resources: a case study approach to examine the value of recreational surfing to specific locales. 15th Annual NSW Coastal Conference, Coffs Harbour, Queensland, Australia, November 7–9.
  • Lazarow, N. (2007). The value of coastal recreational resources: a case study approach to examine the value of recreational surfing to specific locales. Journal of Coastal Research, 50, 12–20.
  • Lazarow, N. (2008). A socio-economic study of recreational surfing on the Gold Coast, Queensland: Report prepared as part of the Gold Coast City Council shoreline management plan (Research Report No. 89). Gold Coast, New South Wales, Australia: Griffith Centre for Coastal Management.
  • Lazarow, N. (2009). Using Observed Market Expenditure to Estimate the Economic Impact of Recreational Surfing to the Gold Coast, Australia. Journal of Coastal Research, 56, 1130–1134.
  • Lazarow, N. (2010). Managing and valuing coastal resources: An examination of the importance of local knowledge and surf breaks to coastal communities (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
  • Lazarow, N., & Castelle, B. (2007). Kirra Wave Study (Management Research Report No. 59). Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia: Griffith Centre for Coastal Management and Gold Coast City Council.
  • Lazarow, N., & Nelsen, C. (2007). The value of coastal recreational resources: a case study approach to examine the value of recreational surfing to specific locales. Proceedings of Coastal Zone 07, Portland, Oregon, July 22–26.
  • Lazarow, N., & Tomlinson, R. (2009). Using observed market expenditure to estimate the value of recreational surfing to the Gold Coast, Australia. Paper presented at the Waves of Change – Queensland Coastal Conference, Sea World Resort, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, May 12–15.
  • Lazarow, N., Miller, M.L., & Blackwell, B. (2007a). Dropping in: A case study approach to understanding the socio-economic impacts of recreational surfing and its value to the coastal economy. In M. Lück, A. Gräupl, J. Auyong, M.L. Miller & M.B. Orams (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Coastal & Marine Tourism Congress (CMT): Balancing Marine Tourism, Development, and Sustainability (pp. 448–461), September 11–14, Auckland University of Technology. Auckland, New Zealand: School of Hospitality & Tourism and New Zealand Tourism Research Institute.
  • Lazarow, N., Miller, M.L., & Blackwell, B. (2007b). Dropping in: A case study approach to understanding the socioeconomic impact of recreational surfing and its value to the coastal economy. Shore and Beach, 75(4), 21–31.
  • Lazarow, N., Miller, M.L., & Blackwell, B. (2008). The value of recreational surfing to society. Tourism in Marine Environments, 5(2-3), 145–158.
  • Leonard, A. (2006). Ombak Besar, Hati Besar, Orang Besar: the Kuta surfing tradition and its heroes (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
  • Mach, L. (2009). Finding another wave: The need for ecotourism principles in international surf culture. (Unpublished substantial research paper, Master’s by coursework). American University, Washington D.C., USA.
  • MacWilliam, E.L. (2011). Planning for sustainable surf tourism: A case study of Boscombe, Bournemouth (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
  • Marchant, B. (2010). The case of lifestyle entrepreneurs in Ireland; an examination of surf tourism entrepreneurs in Bundoran and Lahinch. Paper presented at Tourism and Hospitality Research in Ireland Conference. Clare, Ireland, June 15–16.
  • Marchant, B., & Mottiar, Z. (2011) Understanding lifestyle tourism entrepreneurs and digging beneath the issue of profits: Profiling surf tourism lifestyle entrepreneurs in Ireland. Tourism Planning and Development, 8(2), 171–183.
  • Markrich Research. (2007). The economic impact of the Vans Triple Crown of Surfing 2006. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Vans Inc.
  • Martin, S.A. (2009). Rethinking the monsoon: Sustainable surf tourism in Thailand. Paper presented at the International Tourism Conference on Sustainable Hospitality and Tourism Management: Beyond the Global Recession. Silpakon University, Bangkok, Thailand, May 14–15.
  • Martin, S.A. (2010a). Coastal resource assessment for surf tourism in Thailand (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus, Thailand.
  • Martin, S.A. (2010b). The conservation of coastal surfing resources in Thailand: The Andaman Sea. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Environment and Natural Resources (ICENR) 2010  The Changing Environment: Challenges for Society, (pp. 262–280), Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, Bangkok, Thailand, November 10–12.
  • Martin, S.A. & Assenov, I. (2013) Measuring the Conservation Aptitude of Surf Beaches in Phuket, Thailand: An Application of the Surf Resource Sustainability Index. International Journal of Tourism Research, DOI: 10.1002/jtr.1961
  • Martin, S.A., & Assenov, I. (2008a). Beach and coastal survey: What future for surf tourism. CD Proceedings of the 7th Asia Pacific Forum for Graduate Students’ Research in Tourism  Advances in Tourism Practices: Pointing the Way Forward, University Teknologi Mara, Selangor, Malaysia, June 3–5.
  • Martin, S.A., & Assenov, I. (2008b). Interdisciplinary approaches toward sustainable surf tourism in Thailand. Paper presented at the 1st PSU Sustainability Conference. Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus, Thailand, November 19–21.
  • Martin, S.A., & Assenov, I. (2011). A statistical analysis of surf tourism research literature. Paper presented at the 4th Annual PSU Research Conference: Multidisciplinary Studies on Sustainable Development. Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus, Thailand, November 16–18.
  • Martin, S. A. (2013). A surf resource sustainability index for surf site conservation and tourism management. Ph.D. dissertation. Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2011). Beach and coastal survey of Thailand: What future for surf tourism. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality & Culinary Arts, 3(1), 77–87. Retrieved from http://www.jthca.org/Download/pdf/V3%20IS1/chap%205.pdf (accessed November 1, 2013).
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2012). The genesis of a new body of sport tourism literature: A systematic review of surf tourism research (1997-2011). Journal of Sport and Tourism, 17(4), 257–287. doi:10.1080/14775085.2013.766528
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2012). Towards a surf resource sustainability index: A global model for surf site conservation and Thailand case study. Proceedings of the 18th Asia Pacific Tourism Association Annual Conference (APTA) Hospitality & Tourism Education: New Tourism & New Waves (pp. 745–760). Taipei, ROC, June 26–29. Busan, Korea: School of International Tourism, Dong-A University
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2013). Developing a surf resource sustainability index as a global model for surf beach conservation and tourism research. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. doi: 10.1080/10941665.2013.806942
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2013). Measuring the conservation aptitude of surf beaches in Phuket, Thailand: An application of the surf resource sustainability index. International Journal of Tourism Research.doi: 10.1002/jtr.1961
  • Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2013). Investigating the importance of surf resource sustainability indicators: Stakeholder perspectives for surf tourism planning and development. Tourism Planning and Development.doi: 10.1080/21568316.2013.864990
  • McGloin, C. (2005). Surfing nation(s)  surfing country(s) (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Mead, S. (2009). Multiple-use options for coastal structures: Unifying amenity, coastal protection and marine ecology. Reef Journal, 1(1), 291–311.
  • Mead, S., & Black, K. (2002). Multi-purpose reefs provide multiple benefits – Amalgamating coastal protection, high-quality surfing breaks and ecological enhancement to maximize user benefits and development opportunities. The Second Surfing Arts, Science, and Issues Conference (SASIC 2) (pp.1-17), Holiday Inn Conference Centre, Ventura, California, USA, November 9.
  • Murphy, M., & Bernal, M. (2008). The impact of surfing on the local economy of Mundaka Spain. Davenport, California, USA: Save the Waves Coalition.
  • Needham, M.D., Tynon, J.F., Ceurvorst, R.L., Collins, R.L., Connor, W.M., & Culnane, M.J.W. (2008). Recreation carrying capacity and management at Kailua Beach Park on Oahu, Hawaii. Final project report for Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative – Research Program. Corvallis, Oregon, USA: Oregon State University, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society.
  • Nelsen, C., Lazarow, N., Bernal, M., Murphy, M., & Pijoan, P. (2008). The socioeconomics and management of surfing areas: International case studies from Mexico, Spain, California and Australia. The 21st International Conference of The Coastal Society (TCS 21) – Coastal Footprints: Minimizing Human Impacts, Maximizing Stewardship, (pp. 260–264), Redondo Beach, California, USA, June 29–July 2.
  • Nelsen, C., Pendleton, L., & Vaughn, R. (2007). A socioeconomic study of surfers at Trestles Beach. Shore and Beach, 75(4), 32–37.
  • Nendel, J. (2009). Surfing in early twentieth-century Hawai‘i: The appropriation of a transcendent experience to competitive American sport. The International Journal of the History of Sport26(16), 2432-2446.
  • Newell, K. (2003). Cornwall and Scilly urban survey: Historic characterisation for regeneration – Newquay (HES Report No. 2003R030). Cornwall, UK: Cornwall County Council.
  • Ntloko, N.J., & Swart, K. (2008). Sport tourism event impacts on the host community: A case study of Red Bull Big Wave Africa. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 30(2), 79–93.
  • O’Brien, D. (2006). 2006 Nossa Festival of Surfing, March 7-12 2006: ENCORE report on economic benefits. Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia: Griffith University.
  • O’Brien, D. (2007a). 2007 Malfunction Surf Festival, May 8-13 2007: ENCORE report on economic benefits. Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia: Griffith University.
  • O’Brien, D. (2007b). Points of leverage: Maximizing host community benefit from a regional surfing festival. European Sport Management Quarterly7(2), 141–165.
  • O’Brien, D. (2009). Sustainable surf tourism: A community-centred approach in Papua New Guinea. Paper presented at the 15th Annual Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference: Facilitating Sustainable Sport Management Practices. Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, November 26–29.
  • O’Brien, D. (2011). Surf tourism, sport development and community building: Exploring the nexus in remote Papua New Guinea. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference and Sport Business Forum. La Trobe University, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Victoria, Australia, November 23–25.
  • O’Brien, D., & Chalip, L. (2008). Sport events and strategic leveraging: pushing towards the triple bottom line. In A. Woodside & D. Martin (Eds.), Advancing Tourism Management. Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing. pp. 318–338.
  • O’Brien, D., & Harrison-Hill, T. (2005). Leveraging a regional event for host community benefit: The 2004 Noosa Festival of Surfing. Paper presented at the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM) Conference. University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 1–4.
  • O’Brien, D. & Ponting, J. (2013). Sustainable Surf Tourism: A community centered approach in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Sport Management, 27, 158-172.
  • O’Neill, M., Getz, D., & Carlsen, J. (1999). Evaluation of service quality at events: the 1998 Coca-Cola Masters Surfing event at Margaret River, Western Australia. Managing Service Quality, 9(3), 158–166.
  • Orams, M. (1999). Marine tourism: Development, impacts, and management. New York: Routledge.
  • Orams, M., & Towner, N. (2010). Towards a typology of surfing tourism activities. Working paper – abstract. In M. Orams, M. Lück, J. Poulston & S. Race (Eds.), Proceedings of the New Zealand Tourism and Hospitality Research Conference, 2010. Adding Value Through Research (p.70), November 24–26. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University of Technology.
  • Orams, M. & Towner, N. (2013) Riding the Wave: History, definitions, and a proposed typology of surf-riding tourism. Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 173–188
  • Ormrod, J. (2005). Endless summer (1964): Consuming waves and surfing the frontier. Film and History, 35(1), 39–51.
  • Ormrod, J. (2007). Surf Rhetoric in American and British surfing magazines between 1965 and 1976. Sport in History27(1), 88–109.
  • Pendleton, L.H. (2002). A preliminary study of the value of coastal tourism in Rincon, Puerto Rico. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, California, USA. Retrieved from http://fama2.us.es:8080/turismo/turismonet1/economia%20del%20turismo/turismo%20de%20costas/COASTAL%20TOURISM%20IN%20RINCON%20PUERTO%20RICO.PDF
  • Persoon, G.A. (2003). Conflicts over trees and waves on Siberut Island. Geografiska Annaler85B(4), 253–264.
  • Phillips, M.R., & House, C. (2009). An evaluation of priorities for beach tourism: Case studies from South Wales, UK. Tourism Management, 30(2), 176–183.
  • Pijoan, P.M. (2008). Importancia del surf en la ciudad de Ensenada, Baja California [The importance of surfing in the city of Ensenada, Baja California] (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.
  • Poizat-Newcomb, S. (1999a). The genesis of a sports tourism activity – Surfing (part I). Journal of Sport Tourism, 5(4), 5–14.
  • Poizat-Newcomb, S. (1999b). The genesis of a sports tourism activity – Surfing (part II). Journal of Sport Tourism, 5(4), 14–25.
  • Ponting, J. (2000). The Surf Travel Company & online targeted marketing: In search of appropriate and effective market segments. A Study of Surfing Tourists’ Characteristics and Motivations. (Unpublished graduate report, Master’s by coursework). University of Technology – Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Ponting, J. (2001). Managing the Mentawais: An examination of sustainable tourism management and the surfing tourism industry in the Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia (Unpublished Master’s thesis). University of Technology – Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Ponting, J. (2002). Consuming nirvana: Exploring the commodification of surfing tourist space. Paper presented at the University of Technology Sydney Research Symposium and Outdoor Recreation Industry Council Annual Conference. University of Technology – Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Retrieved from http://oric.org.au/Research_Projects/Rsch_Nirvana.html
  • Ponting, J. (2006). Castles made of sand: The ‘nirvanification’ of the Mentawai Islands. Paper presented at The Second International Tourism and Media Conference (ITAM). Bayview Conference Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, November 28–December 1.
  • Ponting, J. (2007a). Review of tourism development plan 2007–2014: Preliminary report  Surf tourism strategy. Suva, Fiji: Fiji Ministry of Transport and Tourism.
  • Ponting, J. (2007b). The endless bummer?: The past, present and future of surfing tourism management in the Pacific. In I. McDonnell, S. Grabowski & R. March (Eds.), CAUTHE 2007: Tourism  Past Achievements, Future Challenges. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: University of Technology – Sydney. pp. 497–487.
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